Cold Spring Harbor, Nassau County, Long Island, NY About The Village | Cold Spring, NY was the start of a lovely day. We ate lunch at a lovely restaurant, the Harbor Mist, by Oyster Bay inlet on the Long Island Sound. There is a little park there dedicated to Billy Joel. Cold Spring Harbor was the name of Billy Joel’s first album in November 1, 1971.
We went with the family to Cottbus. We saw an art museum there with lovely art about miners. No photographs allowed. The town has an intersting history.
The following is from Wikipedia (Cottbus – Wikipedia). “Cottbus is a university city and the second-largest city in Brandenburg, Germany. Situated around 125 km (78 mi) southeast of Berlin, on the River Spree, Cottbus is also a major railway junction with extensive sidings/depots. Although only a small Sorbian minority lives in Cottbus itself, the city is considered as the political and cultural center of the Sorbs in Lower Lusatia.
The settlement was established in the 10th century, when Sorbs erected a castle on a sandy island in the River Spree. The first recorded mention of the town’s name was in 1156. In the 13th century German settlers came to the town and thereafter lived side by side with the Sorbs. In the Middle Ages Cottbus was known for wool, and the town’s drapery was exported throughout Brandenburg, Bohemia (Czechia) and Saxony. In 1445 Cottbus was acquired by the Margraviate of Brandenburg from Bohemia. In 1514 Jan Rak founded the Universitas Serborum, a Sorbian gymnasium, in the city. In 1701 the city became part of the Kingdom of Prussia. It was also ruled by Saxony between 1807 and 1813. In 1815 the surrounding district of Lower Lusatia was ceded by the Kingdom of Saxony to Prussia, and in 1871 it became part of the German Empire. According to the Prussian census of 1905, the city of Cottbus had a population of 46,270, of which 97% were Germans, 2% were Sorbs and 1% were Poles.
In interwar Germany, the town was the site of a concentration camp for unwanted Jewish immigrants from Eastern Europe. During World War II, a Nazi prison for women was operated in the city with multiple forced labour subcamps located both in the city and other places in the region. In the final weeks of the war, Cottbus was taken by the Red Army on 22 April 1945. From 1949 until German reunification in 1990, Cottbus was part of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany).”
The plaque (“Honor and glory to the fighters Kapp and Luttwitz 15 March 1920.” Cottbus 10/19/2021) refers to the “Kapp Putsch, also known as the Kapp–Lüttwitz Putsch, named after its leaders Wolfgang Kapp and Walther von Lüttwitz, was an attempted coup against the German national government in Berlin on 13 March 1920. Its goal was to undo the German Revolution of 1918–1919, overthrow the Weimar Republic, and establish an autocratic government in its place. It was supported by parts of the Reichswehr, as well as nationalist and monarchist factions.” Kapp Putsch – Wikipedia
The Cranachhöfe documents the work of Lucas Cranach the Elder,Lucas Cranach the Younger,Hans Cranach,Augustin Cranach and Lucas Cranach III in Wittenberg. The building at Markt 4 and the pharmacy with courtyard at Schlossstraße 1 is where Lucas Cranach and his descendants lived and worked. Lucas Cranach the Elder had set up the printing room in the Cranachhof in the once famous printing town of Wittenberg. He printed the 95 Theses, the first part of the Luther Bible, Luther’s table speeches and numerous woodcuts were printed there too. After the reconstruction of the Cranachhöfe, a historic printing room was again set up in Schlossstrasse, in which texts (Luther’s table speeches) and illustrations (in linocut) are now produced using the book high-print process. On special occasions, the historic Gutenberg Press at Cranachhof Markt 4 will be activated to demonstrate how printing was done during the Middle Ages.
Lutherstadt Wittenberg is a fascinating historical town and was the home of Martin Luther Martin Luther and the artist Lucas Cranach the Elder Lucas Cranach.
From Lutherstadt Wittenberg in Wikipedia: “Old Town Hall and Market Square. In the center of the old town is the generously dimensioned market square, where a harmonious ensemble of town houses has grown over centuries. On it are the Renaissance town hall, the monuments of Martin Luther (designed by Schadow) and Philipp Melanchthon as well as the market fountain. Since 2000, the city administration is in the former Tauentzienkaserne in Lutherstraße (New Town Hall), the town hall on the market square is called Altes Rathaus and has since served more representative purposes.”
It will a few more posts to share some of the photographs I made in Wittenberg on October 15, 2021.
In the top three photographs I replaced the skies.
We stopped at Croton Point Park for lunch. Lunch was curtailed by bees so we decided to move on to the village of Cold Springs. On the way out of the park we stopped to see if there were any birds at the Echo Canoe Launch. There was only a mockingbird. I saw a sign there with a poster of The Hudson Valley Echoes written and illustrated by Theodore Cornu. I researched his name at home later and found more of his artwork (two included here). And I found an article about him which points out that he could be the father of the Environmental Movement. I paraphrased the article below.
Remembering Theodore Cornu
Theodore J. Cornu was born in New Jersey to a Swiss mother and father, who abandoned his mother and siblings. Cornu demonstrated an affinity for art and became employed as an “engrosser” in a Manhattan studio hand lettering diplomas and other documents. Canoeing was popular amongst his colleagues, which led him to the boating community in Ft. Washington. His love for canoeing fostered his interest in the Hudson River and Native American customs. He paddled up the Hudson to explore the Croton River.
Soon thereafter he met Anne Van Cortlandt. The two hit it off and he was able to rent The Ferry House on the shore adjacent to The Van Cortlandt Manor House. He became adept in the process of building canoes.
His activism emerged after years of enduring the oil slicks washing up the Croton River from the New York Central Railroad facility, where the waste from its cleaning procedures was discharged into the mouth of the Croton River. The fish caught in the river were said to smell and taste like oil. In 1933 Cornu enlisted the support of some fishermen in Crotonville to implore the State to pressure the railroad to clean up its act. They won.
By the late thirties, Cornu was a member of four canoeing associations. In 1936 he was involved in the founding of the Hudson River Conservation Society. His use of native American inspired environmental care and wisdom to foster environmental protection was uniquely his.
Cornu took on another fight in 1956. Westchester County’s used Croton the point as a malodorous dump. From 1926 on Cornu observed the loss of wetland bird habitat as the marshland filled with garbage. His led the initial salvo against the county, eventually dumping ceased 30 years later, in 1986 by order of the courts.
In the 1987 in “The Art of River Saving,” an article in the ”Complete Revival Program” published by Clearwater stated that Cornu, deceased at age of 101 in 1986, “had perhaps the longest association with the Hudson River of any conservationist.“
Most claim that the start of the Modern Environmental Movement began with the 1962 publication of Rachel Carson’s “Silent Spring”, or perhaps with the battle against Con Edison’s Storm King power proposal (fought from 1962-1980. The first Earth Day was celebrated on April 22, 1970, roughly a year after Cornu’s demise. By that time Cornu had been protesting and advocating for the environment for over 35 years. Cornu’s environmental activism pre-dates the Environmental Movement by decades. This calls for a re-examination of his place in environmental history.
July 21. I thought it would be nice to visit a museum with some history. My mistake. It was corny. The gift shop was nice and so was the staff. I took a photo of the plant poster for sale. We had an audio tour that would have taken hours. After a half hour we had enough and left.
In the way we passed a cairn or monument to Brakersund (“Brák’s channel”) between the town and the island Brákarey (“Brák’s island”), both named for Brák, a slave of Skallagrímur’s. Fleeing her master’s anger, she tried to swim out to the island but he threw a boulder which hit her between the shoulders and killed her. See The Saga of the Viking Egill Skallagrímsson & the 9 Cairns in West-Iceland.
At Holar on July 18 we looked at the turf house, the church, and paid to go to the horse museum which was somewhat interesting. I enjoyed this website a lot horsesoficeland.is The tolt gait is very interesting.
I preferred the drive there better than Holar. The café was open, and we had a drink there. About Holar.