Slipper Orchids

We went to see the orchid show at the New York Botanical Gardens in the Bronx on February 26, 2022. Here is the first set of 5 posts. I was able to modify the backgrounds in Lightroom by using the the new select subject masking which allowed me to change the colors and blur to suit my taste.

Pelham in Winter

We took a walk in Pelham Bay Park in the Bronx, New York on February 16, 2022. I replaced the skies in most of these.

I love the folded and layered metamorphic Fordham Gneiss, which is part of the Hartland Formation that forms the bedrock beneath the Bronx east of Cameron’s Line. The rock consists of granitic and garnetiferous amphibolite gneiss with numerous light-colored quartz veins and migmatite dikes. Migmatite is a type of igneous rock that forms when metamorphic processes begin to melt the rock under high temperature. Felsic minerals melt and are injected into joints, faults, and other zones of weakness in the rock. As it gradually cools, bands of feldspar and quartz crystals form along the edges of the intrusion. The center of the migmatite veins typically consist of larger crystals of feldspar and quartz. In some cases, the dikes cut across older dikes and quartz-filled veins; many are folded, or display offset by faulting. Overlying the bedrock is a blanket of glacial till. The beach is littered with large erratics derived from bedrock sources nearby. (Source: NYC Regional Geology (

After walking to the end of Hunter Island we drove to City Island for a meal at the Lobster House.


Revisiting an old image for reprocessing. Pelham Bay has lots of Fordham gneiss. Here is a dense article on the Bedrock Geology of New York City: More than 600 m.y. of geologic history ( I love geology. It was my manor at Hunter College.

Geology lesson: Boudinage is a structure which is sometimes present in metamorphic rocks apparently as a result of tension and in which a competent bed is thinned and thickened so that it resembles in cross section a string of sausages (Webster’s).

Hunter Island granite with boudinage, Pelham Bay, NY 10/29/2001

NYBG in November

The New York Botanical Gardens in the Bronx. There was still lots of Autumn color to enjoy.

NYBG Conservatory

A trip to the New York Botanical Gardens in November is a treat. Her are some photographs from the Enid A. Haupt Conservatory. I missed the first day of the stinky Titan-Arum blooming.

NYBG Scenes

6 of 6 of the New York Botanical Gardens. I know the frog isn’t a scene. I like frogs so I included it.

NYBG Plants

5 of 6 of the New York Botanical Gardens.

NYBG Lilies

Lotuses and Lilies

4 of 6 of the New York Botanical Gardens. I like the sculptural form of the lily seed pods. Each one is slightly different. I replaced most of the backgrounds and enhanced my photographs in Photoshop.

I just learned the difference between a lotus and a lily:

  • Lotuses belong to the family Nelumbonaceae. The leaves and flowers of a lotus rise above the water’s surface. 
  • Water lilies belong to the family Nymphaeaceae. The leaves and flowers of a water lily float on the water surface. The leaves of  a tropical water lily float on the water surface, but its flowers are about 6-8 inches above the water surface.