London Mist – August One Photo Focus

London Eye by Robin Kent edited by Sherry Felix
London Eye by Robin Kent edited by Sherry Felix

Robin Kent’s original (below) was perfect. I straightened the Ferris wheel and darkened the sky in Lightroom. Then in Photoshop, added wisps of mist, and stars to make it mystical (above).

In 1956 when I was seven my mother and I moved to London. It was my job to light the coal fire in our flat at Queensborough Terrace, near Kensington Gardens. Central heating was not common then; therefore, London was a much foggier place. I remember fogs so thick it was hard to see a yard ahead. Coal fires helped create smog, a mix of smoke and fog. Yellow smog was tinged by the Sulphur in the coal. They were called “pea soupers”. The Great Smog of 1952 (Wikipedia) killed many Londoners. Dirty unwashed and untreated coals were eventually banned and smoke free coals and fuels used instead. Now central heating is the norm and fireplaces occasionally used to create ambience.

London Eye by Robin Kent
London Eye by Robin Kent

Created for Stacy Fischer’s August One Photo Focus.

Bloomsbury Doors

Bloomsbury Doors are for Norm’s Thursday Doors, April 14.

Bloomsbury is an area of the London Borough of Camden, in central London, between Euston Road and Holborn, developed by the Russell family in the 17th and 18th centuries into a fashionable residential area. It is notable for its array of garden squares, literary connections (exemplified by the Bloomsbury Group), and numerous cultural, educational and health-care institutions.

History

The earliest record of what would become Bloomsbury is in the 1086 Domesday Book, which states that the area had vineyards and “wood for 100 pigs”. But it is not until 1201 that the name Bloomsbury is first noted, when William de Blemond, a Norman landowner, acquired the land. The name Bloomsbury is a development from Blemondisberi – the bury, or manor, of Blemond.

At the end of the 14th century, Edward III acquired Blemond’s manor, and passed it on to the Carthusian monks of the London Charterhouse, who kept the area mostly rural.

In the 16th century with the Dissolution of the Monasteries, Henry VIII took the land back into the possession of the Crown and granted it to Thomas Wriothesley, 1st Earl of Southampton. The Russell family became landowners in the 18th century.

Queen_Square_Bloomsbury[1]
Queen Square, Bloomsbury in 1787. The fields to the north reach as far as Hampstead (Wikipedia)

Historically, Bloomsbury is associated with the arts, education, and medicine. The area gives its name to the Bloomsbury Group of artists, the most famous of whom was Virginia Woolf, who met in private homes in the area in the early 1900s, and to the lesser known Bloomsbury Gang of Whigs formed in 1765 by John Russell, 4th Duke of Bedford.

Bloomsbury Square, laid out in 1660 by Thomas Wriothesley, 4th Earl of Southampton, was the first to be named as a square.

Bedford Square, built between 1775 and 1783, is still surrounded by Georgian town houses.

No 1 Bedford Square, London 1/5/2016
No 1 Bedford Square, London 1/5/2016
Bedford Avenue, Bloomsbury, London 1/6/2016
Bedford Avenue, Bloomsbury, London 1/6/2016

The British Museum, which first opened to the public in 1759 in Montagu House, is at the heart of Bloomsbury. At the center of the museum the space around the former British Library Reading Room, which was filled with the concrete storage bunkers of the British Library, is today the Queen Elizabeth II Great Court, an indoor square with a glass roof designed by British architect Norman Foster.

British Museum, London 1/5/2016
Rear entrance to the British Museum, London 1/5/2016
British Museum 1/6/2016
Central courtyard of the British Museum 1/6/2016

Also in Bloomsbury is the Foundling Museum, close to Brunswick Square. The Dickens Museum is in Doughty Street. The Petrie Museum and the Grant Museum of Zoology are at University College London in Gower Street.

Charles Darwin (1809–1882) lived at 12 Upper Gower Street in 1839. And…

Bonham Carter House, 45 Gower Street London 1/5/2016
Bonham Carter House, 45 Gower Street London 1/5/2016
First Anaesthetic plaque, Bonham Carter House
First Anaesthetic plaque, Bonham Carter House (Wikipedia)
Location of images, Bloomsbury, London
Location of my images in Bloomsbury, London (Google map in Lightroom)

Source for text: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bloomsbury