Liverpool Street, King’s Cross and St Pancras International Stations
Photographed by Sherry Felix from 12/19/2015 to 1/5/2016.
Liverpool Street, also known as London Liverpool Street, is a central London railway terminus and connected London Underground station in the north-eastern corner of the City of London. It is the London terminus of trains to Cambridge, Norwich, local and regional commuter trains serving east London and East of England, and to London Stansted Airport. It opened in 1874 as a replacement for Bishopsgate terminus. Liverpool Street is a dual-level station with an underground station opened in 1875.
During the First World War, Liverpool Street was a target of a daylight bombing; the attack killed 162 people. During the war thousands of child refugees arriving in Liverpool Station as part of the Kindertransport rescue mission.
The station was modernized 1985 to 1992; and Broad Street station was demolished and its lines redirected to Liverpool Street. Queen Elizabeth II officially opened the modified station in December 1991.
In 2013 a 2 acres (0.81 ha) mass burial ground of over 3,000 people dating from the 17th century was uncovered.
King’s Cross railway station is a major London railway terminus which opened in 1852 on the northern edge of central London.
King’s Cross is the southern terminus of the East Coast Main Line, providing high speed inter-city services to Yorkshire, the North East and Scotland.
A number of famous trains have been associated with King’s Cross, such as the Flying Scotsman service to Edinburgh.
Platform Nine and Three-Quarters
J. K. Rowling’s parents met on a train at King’s Cross Station in 1964. While she was on a train in 1990, J. K. Rowling formed the idea for Harry Potter. The ride on the Hogwarts Express starts from King’s Cross railway station platform 9¾, which is invisible to Muggle eyes and is reached by walking through the barrier between platforms 9 and 10.
Rowling had confused the layout of King’s Cross with that of Euston station, and platforms 9 and 10 at King’s Cross were not the ones between which she had meant her magical platform to be placed. To solve this, the filmmakers re-numbered platforms 4 and 5 for the duration of filming. The exterior shots in the film are of the St Pancras Renaissance Hotel, which is visually more dramatic than King’s Cross.
In 2012 a plaque depicting the supposed location of platforms 9 to 11, along with a luggage trolley “stuck” halfway through the wall, was placed on a wall to the new western departures concourse. A wrought iron “Platform 9¾” gate used as part of the film set is preserved at the National Railway Museum. Soon after Alan Rickman’s death in 2016 fans created a memorial to the actor at platform 9 3/4.
King’s Cross is on the historical site of the village named “Battle Bridge” where a road from the ancient city of Londinium crossed the River Fleet, and the Broad Ford Bridge. A legendary battle site between the Romans and the British Iceni tribe led by Boudica, Britain’s Warrior Queen. Queen Victoria restored Boudica as a cultural foundation to Britain. Platform 9 or 10 of King’s Cross Station is linked with Boudica’s death and possible grave by legend.
St Pancras railway station, since 2007 St Pancras International, is a central London railway terminus located on Euston Road in the London Borough of Camden.
Known for its Victorian architecture, the station stands between the British Library, King’s Cross station and the Regent’s Canal. It was opened in 1868 by the Midland Railway as the southern terminus of trans to the East Midlands and Yorkshire. When it opened, the arched Barlow train shed was the largest single-span roof in the world.
Eurostar began the Channel Tunnel Rail Link (CTRL) November 2007 with St Pancras station as the terminus, linked by 12.4 miles (20 km) of new tunnels to Dagenham via Stratford.